01-01-1970 12:00 AM | Source: ICICI Securities Ltd
Buy Spandana Sphoorty Ltd For Target Rs.550 - ICICI Securities
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Newly-appointed management in place; setting up processes to achieve Vision 2025 goals

FY22 had been an eventful year for Spandana Sphoorty (Spandana), starting with the resignation of its erstwhile MD & CEO which triggered operational instability followed by course correction. Corrective measures included: a) Appointing new and experienced core management, b) settling all the disputes with the erstwhile MD by paying one-time settlement amount of ~Rs400mn, c) streamlining the business process as per the revised RBI guidelines and d) rolling out Vision 2025 with RoA / RoE target of >4.5% / >20%, respectively.

Therefore, in Q4FY22, it was focussing more on setting up its strategies, aligning and refining processes to pave the way for achieving Vision 2025 goals. Consequently, it reported a PAT of Rs286mn in Q4FY22, a decline of 37% QoQ due to 14% QoQ decline in NII and one-time settlement fees of Rs400mn. Further, accelerated recognition of stress resulted in GNPL ratio doubling to 15% in Q4FY22 vs 5.7% in Q3FY22. While total stress with NNPL ratio at 6% and PAR 31-90 at 6.6% remained elevated, collection efficiency at 100% in non-restructured book and 74% (March’22) in restructured book gives some hope of credit cost in FY23E to remain lower than FY22 (7%).

Considering the management and the operational stability, improving visibility on earnings recovery led by credit cost normalisation and favourable risk-reward (trading at 0.7x FY24e P/BV), we upgrade the stock to BUY from ADD earlier with a revised TP of Rs550 (earlier: Rs450). We roll over estimates to Sep-23 and assign P/BV multiple of 1x.


Vision 2025 aims at sharp improvement in profitability – targets RoA / RoE of >4.5% / >20% by FY25.

After a turbulent FY22, which saw AUM decline of 19% YoY, 4% YoY decline in borrower base and GNPL increasing to 15% by March’22 on the back of operation and management instability triggered by the resignation of the erstwhile MD & CEO, Spandana has initiated various measures to get back on feet. As a part of course-correction, it appointed Mr. Shalabh Saxena (former MD & CEO of BFIL) as its new MD & CEO, who took charge in March’22. In a span of <4 months, the new management has successfully completed transition and has set ambitious goals for Vision 2025. Key goals are: a) Scaling MFI AUM to Rs182bn by FY25 mainly driven by taking customer base to 4.0mn vs 2.4mn currently, b) building 10-15% of secured portfolio, c) to achieve near industry best credit cost of ~1.5% and RoA/RoE of 4.5-5.3%/22.0-24.0%, respectively, by FY25


Credit cost to remain elevated in FY23E, but NIMs could surprise positively.

While the management envisages to bring down credit cost to 2% in FY23E, we believe elevated stress pool (NNPL at 6% + PAR 31-90 at 6.6%) would keep credit cost higher. We are modeling credit cost at 4.6% in FY23E. However, we also estimate >100bps margin expansion driven by lower interest reversal and likely price hike (in line with industry trend) during FY23E.


Management and operational stability to help improve earning trajectory going forward.

Monthly disbursements of Rs8.6bn in March’22 suggest fast approaching business normalcy and also reflect operation realignment. Further, settlement with the erstwhile MD & CEO would ensure operation stability going forward. Spandana has taken the opportunity to beef up top and mid management teams, post the resignation of its erstwhile MD in Nov’21. It has hired CEO, CFO and CTO in the past six months. Management stability along with realigned business process would help it execute Vision 2025 in an effective manner. The key parameters of Vision 2025 are improving RoA to >4.5% (2.8% in FY22) and RoE to >20% (6.9% in FY22) by March’25.


Key risks - A) stress unfolding higher than anticipation, B) operational instability caused by outside interference.


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