NCDEX Oct Soybean traded in narrow range and closed lower on Thursday market is expecting bumper crop during next season and lowering meal exports data. As per SOPA, soybean production in 2018/19 may highest in last 5 year at 114.8 lakh tonnes 37.8% higher than last year production. As per 1st advance estimate 2018/19, soybean production is forecast about 22.5% higher at 134.6 lakh tonnes on year. India's soymeal exports fell 32% on year to 48,000 tn in September, according to the latest report by The Soybean Processors' Association of India. For Apr-Aug, India's soymeal exports down by 4% on year at 3.72 lakh tonnes. However, there is anticipation of good physical demand for crushing due to expectations over rising exports to China. China has shown interest in buying soybean de-oiled cake produced in Maharashtra.
CBOT Soybean Nov futures ended higher on Thursday after the USDA projected U.S. production and crop yields below trade expectations in a monthly report. The USDA pegged soybean production at 369.5 mt, with yields averaging a record 53.1 bushels per acre. Both figures were short of trade estimates. USDA now 18/19 world carryout at 110.04 mt, 1.78 mt larger than Sept. Brazil production projections for 18/19 range from 117.05 to 119.428 MMT according to a CONAB report released. Worries about U.S. harvest delays and potential crop damage due to recent Midwest rains underpinned soybean futures.
RMseed (Mustard seed)
Mustard Nov futures continue to trade lower this week on reports of bumper oilseed crop in kharif and there is sufficient stocks in the physical market. Moreover, pending decisions for meal exports to China is also making the market to fall. The minimum support price for mustard increased by 200 rupees to 4,200 rupees per 100 kg by the govt. As per SEA data, India's rapeseed meal exports up 24% on year to 88,236 tn in August due to good export demand. For Apr-Aug, India's rape meal exports up by 107% on year at 4.90 lt. According to MOPA, country crushed about 5 lt of mustard in September, 18% higher on year. In 2018, about 49 lakh tonnes of mustard were crushed, up 13.3% on year.
Soybean futures expected to trade sideways to lower on expectation of bumper crop prospects due good rains in soybean growing areas near MSP levels. However, improving crushing demand from oil mills, anticipation of exports demand for soy meal exports and MSP procurement.
Mustard futures expected to trade sideways to lower due to good stocks and steady physical demand. However, the trend looks positive on expectation of improved export demand for meal but fresh physical arrivals from the NAFED stocks sale may suppress the prices.
Refine Soy Oil
Refined Soy Oil Futures closed little higher on Thursday due to balance supply and demand situation. However, there is consistent increase in demand from stockists due to coming festival. Moreover, weak rupees is making imports expensive into the country. According to an official notification, government decreases base import prices of all edible oils. For the first fortnight of October, base import price of crude soyoil cut to $701 per tn from $714 per tn.
Currently, it is trading about 10.5% higher than last year levels supported by higher import duty, weaker rupees and improving physical demand. Higher import duty and depreciation in Indian rupee against the dollar has slow down the imports of edible oils in the country during the last three months. As per the data from SEA, import of vegetable (cooking) oils in August jumped to 15.12 lakh tonnes from 11.19 lakh tonnes in July, as pipelines were dried up due to lesser import during June and July 2018. Soyoil degummed imports also increase by 7.7% to 312,049 tons compared to 249,746tons in August.
Crude Palm oil
MCX Oct CPO futures slump for the second consecutive session on Thursday tracking fall in International palm oil prices. However, weaker rupees and steady physical demand may support CPO prices in domestic market. According to SEA monthly update during August, import of palm oil increased sharply to 920,894 tn from 868,744 tn seen in the corresponding period a year ago and 550,180 tn a month ago. The base import price of crude palm oil cut for the first half of October by $23 per tin to $549 per tn from $572 per tn. During Nov-Aug, palm oil imports (CPO + RBD) declined to 69.4 lt from 75.48 lt. Reports of higher stock levels in the country and expectation of cheaper imports from Malaysia due to zero duty may keep prices in check. It is still traded higher than last year levels due to weaker rupees and higher import duty.
Malaysian palm oil futures closed 1% lower on Thursday due to higher stocks and drop in exports. MPOB said inventories in September rose 1.45% to 2.54 mt, an eight-month high, while production was up 14.38% to 1.85 mt. Malaysian palm oil shipments from Oct. 1-10 fell around 39% from the corresponding period last month, according to independent inspection company AmSpec Agri Malaysia and cargo surveyor Intertek Testing Services. Malaysia, announced Zero percent export tax export in October. Exports of Malaysian palm oil products for Sep rose 51.6% to 1,628,070 tonnes from 1,073,903 tonnes shipped during August.
We expect Ref Soy oil to trade down on higher stocks and weak international prices for edible oil. However, improving physical demand for edible oil due to festive demand and weaker rupees may support prices from lower levels.
CPO futures may trade sideways to lower on weak CPO prices in international markets. Steady physical demand from the stockists to support prices.
Chana Nov futures jumps more than 1% on Thursday tracking improving physical demand due to coming festival season as supplies have been steady. The government have extend import curbs on all varieties of peas by 3 months until the end of December to support prices. Government is likely to increase export chana (Bengal gram / Chickpea) to 15% from 7%. mainly due to initiation of fresh selling at higher levels. . For Chana, the government has fixed the support price at 4,620 rupees per 100 kg, 220 rupees higher from the previous year. In March, the government had announced 7% duty credit incentive for three months. Chana exports from the country increased by 159% to 105,118 tonnes on year for Apr-Jul period. Top three export destinations in FY 2018/19 are UAE, Turkey and Algeria.
Chana futures may trade sideways to higher due to likely increase in export incentives and expectation of higher MSP declaration for the rabi crop. However, NAFED auctioning its procured chana in states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
Cotton / Kapas
MCX Oct Cotton trading mostly sideways as new season crop in entering in the physical market however, improving physical demand and reports of delay in peak arrivals from Gujarat and Rajasthan is keeping prices holding on to current levels. According to CAI, cotton production in 2018/19 is likely to fall 4.7% from the previous season to 34.8 million bales due to scant rainfall and an attack of pink bollworms expected to affect the crop yields. As per CAI, India’s forward export contracts of cotton have more than doubled from about 7 lakh bales in September 2017, driven by increased demand from China.
ICE cotton futures closed with little change after rising over 1% earlier in the session, supported by a reduction in global ending stocks estimates by the USDA and reports of damage to the crop from storm Michael. NASS added 80,000 bales to the US production number on Thursday @ 19.76 million bales, with slightly lower acreage but yield up 6 lbs to 901 lb/ac. USDA forecast ending stocks in US at 5 million, up 300,000 bales due to reduction in exports. US August cotton exports totaled 117,000 MT (814,600 bales), down 12.5% from last year and 25.15% lower than July. The Cotton Ginnings report showed that 1.287 million bales had been ginned as of 10/1, 3% larger than the same time last year.
Cotton futures expected to trade sideways tracking weak trend in international prices. However, reports of delay in peak cotton arrivals and improving domestic demand may support prices in coming weeks. Moreover, demand from China, Bangladesh, Vietnam & opening up of Pakistan market to keep prices high this season
Spices (Jeera & Turmeric)
NCDEX Jeera Nov futures traded mostly sideways but closed higher on Thursday due to steady demand and there are expectations of lower production next. Seasonally, the exports of Jeera dip during the 4th quarter of the calendar year. During monsoon season, Jeera producing districts of Gujarat received scanty rains, which will affect its production in next season. The prevailing water crisis may curtail jeera sowing by about 25% from last year’s 7.80 lakh ha. According to Commerce ministry data, exports in July surged 70.3% on year to 13,039 tonnes while for Apr-Jul period, exports were high by 76% at 88,885 tonnes compared to last year export volume.
NCDEX Turmeric edged lower on Thursday due to profit booking. The prices have been under pressure and fall to 5 months low due to improved sowing and lower exports demand. There are expectation of improving demand coupled with diminishing arrivals. During the September, arrivals of turmeric have been higher at 12,478 t (Vs 10,978 t) compared last year, as per Agmarknet data. The July export of turmeric was higher on year by 29% at 10,570 tonnes and exports were also higher by 2% on year to 44,438 tonnes for Apr-Jul period. However, imports too jumped by 136% to 15,731 tonnes in Apr-Jul period which is pressurizing the prices in physical market.
We expect Jeera futures to trade sideways to higher on some technical bounce and bargain buying. Moreover, improved physical domestic and exports demands from China and Bangladesh may keep prices steady. However, good stocks and higher prices in the domestic market may dent export prospects.
Turmeric futures expected to trade higher on reports of lower level buying and expectation of pick up in domestic demand will support prices in coming weeks. However, improved sowing turmeric growing areas of Tamilnadu, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
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