By Tom Westbrook and Alwyn Scott
SINGAPORE/NEW YORK - Asian stock markets recovered on Friday but are headed for their steepest weekly loss in months, as a liquidity squeeze in China and a Wall Street retail-trading frenzy has unnerved investors.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan rose 0.9, but is headed for a weekly loss of more than 3%, the sharpest such fall since September.
Japan's Nikkei was steady but tracking toward its first weekly loss of 2021, having fallen 1.5% since last Friday.
Safe-haven U.S. Treasuries sold off overnight and the U.S. dollar softened a fraction with a broader improvement in risk appetite, however S&P 500 futures fell 0.4% in Asia trading.
"I'm definitely seeing the nerves," said Chris Weston, head of research at Melbourne broker Pepperstone. "Asia seems a bit unconvinced," he said. "There's a knock-on effect that happens from targeting hedge funds, and this could have legs."
Wall Street has been gripped by a coordinated assault on hedge-fund short positions by small traders organising over online forums such as Reddit.
They lost some of their firepower overnight when brokers cut off leverage and restricted trading in some of the hottest names such as GameStop and BlackBerry.
The boss of popular online broker Robinhood said the curbs were deployed to protect the brokerage and its customers and that some restrictions will lift on Friday.
The surge in volatility comes just as COVID-19 vaccine rollouts have run into a bit of trouble and as global economic data starts to look less rosy.
Investors were impressed by a smaller-than-expected rise in U.S. weekly jobless claims overnight. But they still rose by more than 840,000 and data showed the U.S. economy contracted at its sharpest pace since World War Two last year.
Vaccine production delays have also snowballed into a spat between the European Union and drugmakers over how best to direct the limited supplies which are available.
Meanwhile, in China, the central bank injected 100 billion yuan into the financial system on Friday after a week of sucking liquidity which had put investors on edge as to whether the supportive policy environment could be shifting.
The Hang Seng Index in Hong Kong opened 1% higher and the Shanghai Composite rose 0.6%, however both are on course for weekly losses of more than 2%.
"Fears of (People's Bank of China) de-leveraging could trigger the correction of China equities, and discourage capital inflow for China stock markets," said Mizuho's chief Asian FX strategist Ken Cheung.
The Chinese yuan firmed slightly in offshore trade to 6.4715 per dollar. The euro was steady at $1.2114 and the dollar index traded in a range it has held for most of the month, sat at 90.621.
The yield on benchmark ten-year U.S. Treasuries rose overnight and held at 1.0585% on Friday. Gold sat at $1,842 an ounce and oil prices were steady, with brent crude futures last up 0.1% at $55.60 a barrel.
(Reporting by Tom Westbrook in Singapore and Alwyn Scott in New York; Editing by Richard Pullin and Ana Nicolaci da Costa)