By Manoj Kumar
NEW DELHI - India lowered its forecast for the current year's economic growth on Friday before a federal budget is released next month, as businesses were hit by the chaotic launch of new nationwide tax last July.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had earlier estimated the economy would grow around 7.5 percent in the 2017/18 fiscal year, generating enough tax to keep the fiscal deficit at 3.2 percent of GDP after meeting spending targets.
Gross domestic product is now estimated to grow an annual 6.5 percent in 2017/18, slower than a provisional 7.1 percent growth in 2016/17, Ministry of Statistics said in a statement.
Most private economists have pared the growth forecast to 6.2 to 6.5 percent for this fiscal year, citing the teething troubles faced by businesses during the roll out of a goods and services tax (GST).
"The GST transition impact is clearly visible," said Shubhada Rao, chief economist at Yes Bank. Sectors such as manufacturing and hotels were badly hit, she said.
Complex rules and technical glitches meant the GST, aimed at transforming India's 29 states into a single customs union, hit millions of small businesses.
Manufacturing is now forecast to grow at 4.6 percent this fiscal year compared with 7.9 percent growth in the previous year, the statement said. Farm output may slow to 2.1 percent from 4.9 percent.
Finance ministry officials earlier said slower economic growth was likely to hit revenue collections this year, forcing them to resort to borrow from the market to meet spending targets.
Analysts said despite the lower economic growth, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was expected to hold policy rates steady after a recent uptick in retail inflation, which touched 4.88 percent in November, its steepest level in 15 months.
"Given the recent uptick in inflation pressure and with inflation likely to remain around 5 percent going ahead, we expect the RBI to be on hold with a guarded stance even though growth estimate has disappointed slightly," Rao said.
The statistics office will release economic growth data for the October-December quarter on Feb. 28, along with revised full-year growth estimates.
(Additional reporting by Suvashree Dey Choudhury in Mumbai; editing by Malini Menon, Larry King)